Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty) is surgery to replace a worn out or damaged hip joint. The surgeon replaces the old joint with an artificial joint (prosthesis). Usually the surgery is performed because of damage to the hip joint from arthritis or injury.
The goal of hip replacement surgery is to replace the parts of the hip joint that have been damaged. The surgery also helps relieve hip pain that can't be controlled by other treatments.
What Happens Before Hip Replacement Surgery?
Once you and your surgeon have jointly made the decision to go ahead with the surgery, there are several important things to remember:
- Attend the preoperative anesthesia clinic
- Attend the joint replacement class during anesthesia clinic visit
- Identify a support person who will be the primary caregiver during and after surgery
- Arrange for someone to take you to the hospital on the day of the surgery and take you home on the day of discharge
- Plan how you will get your meals at home after the surgery
- Stop smoking per your surgeon instructions
- Discuss all medications with your surgeon and anesthesia doctors
- Tell your doctor about any skin wounds on your feet, legs, buttocks and backside
- Complete home safety checklist
What Happens During Hip Replacement Surgery?
Hip replacement usually requires a stay in a hospital. Procedures may vary depending on your condition and your healthcare provider's practices. During surgery, the surgeon will remove the damaged parts of the hip joint and replace them with prosthesis. The 2 most common types of artificial hip prostheses used are cement prostheses and uncemented prosthesis. A cemented prosthesis attaches to the bone with surgical cement while an uncemented prosthesis attaches to the bone with a porous surface.
What Happens After Hip Replacement Surgery?
A typical hip replacement surgery lasts about 2 hours. After the surgery, you are moved to a private room. Early mobilization is a big goal after surgery and your nursing and rehabilitation therapy team will assist you in making this a priority during your short stay in our hospital.
The therapist will make an individualized plan to get you walking and moving from one surface to another. Your family and friends are strongly encouraged to participate and learn how to assist you once you go home. The nursing team will help with your pain control so that you can participate in mobility training.
The case management team will work with the care team to plan for your discharge from the hospital. The team will also discuss any home care needs recommended by your care team and arrange this before your discharge.
Once discharged, you should follow up with your primary care physician. You will also have follow up appointments with the surgeon.
Our comprehensive program is designed to get you back to your normal function as soon as possible.