Most liver cysts are benign and found with imaging tests. However, there are a few liver cysts that can be malignant.
Simple cysts are benign cysts that contain clear fluid. Most simple cysts do not cause symptoms unless they are large. Care for symptomatic simple cysts can include surgery or other procedures performed by specialists called interventional radiologists. Otherwise, management of simple cysts is usually simple and may involve on-going monitoring with imaging.
Polycystic liver disease is an uncommon hereditary entity where multiple liver cysts are present. In most cases, polycystic liver disease is associated with autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (ADPKD). Management of polycystic liver disease depends on the extent of disease and associated symptoms.