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Texas Diabetes Institute
Diabetes Statistics

*Statistics according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

According to the most recent estimates, diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States. People with diabetes are at higher risk for heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, extremity amputations and other chronic conditions.*

Prevalence of Diabetes in the United States (all ages), 2010

Total: 25.8 million people (or 8.3% of the total US population)
Diagnosed: 18.8 million people
Undiagnosed: 7.0 million people

Prevalence of Diabetes in Texas and Bexar County, 2009

Diabetes is the 6th leading cause of death in Texas and is the 4th leading cause of death in Bexar County.

Texas, Diagnosed:

1.7 million people (or 9.3% of the total Texas population)

Texas, Undiagnosed: Approximately 440,468 Texans remain undiagnosed
Bexar County, Diagnosed: 137,009 people or 11.8% of the population

Prevalence of Diabetes by Age and Gender, 2010

(aged 20 years or older)
25.6 million (or 11.3% of population within this age group)
(aged 20 years or younger)

215,000 (or .26% of population within this age group)

(aged 65 years or younger)
10.9 million people (or 26.9% of population within this age group)
(aged 20 years or older)
13 million people (or 11.8% of population within this age group)
(aged 20 years or older)

12.6 million people (or 10.8% of population within this age group)

Prevalence of Diabetes in Adults by Race/Ethnicity, 2007

Non-Hispanic Whites:

  • 15.7 million people or 10.2% of the Non-Hispanic Whites population has diabetes.

African Americans:

  • 4.9 million people or 18.7% of the African American adult (age 20+) population has diabetes. Approximately 1/3 of this population group doesn't know that they have diabetes.
  • African Americans are 1.8 times more likely to have diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.
  • African Americans with diabetes are at an increased risk for heart disease, stroke and other macrovascular complications.
  • 25% of senior (ages 65-74) African Americans have diabetes.
  • Diabetes is high among adult (age 55+) African American women as one in four has diabetes.
  • African Americans experience higher rates of at least four serious complications of diabetes: cardiovascular disease, blindness, amputation and end stage renal disease (kidney failure).

Hispanic/Latino Americans:

  • 2 million people or 11.8% of the Hispanic/Latino American adult (age 20+) population has diabetes.
  • Hispanic/Latino Americans are 2 times more likely to have diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.
  • Within the subcultures of the Hispanic/Latino Americans, individuals who are Mexican Americans have the highest incidence of diabetes (26%), followed by Puerto Ricans (24%) and persons of Cuban descent (16%).
  • Hispanic/Latino Americans are 1.5 times more likely to have Type 2 Diabetes than non-Latino whites.
  • The prevalence for diabetic retinopathy, an abnormality of the small blood vessels of the retina, in Mexican Americans is 32-40%.
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of end stage renal disease, kidney failure, in Hispanic/Latino Americans and those of Mexican American descent are 4.5 to 6.6 times more likely to suffer.

American Indians/Alaska Native Americans:

  • Approximately 1.9 million (or 16.1% of the the total adult Native Americans and Alaska Natives population had diagnosed diabetes).
  • Native Americans are 2.2 times more likely to have diabetes then non-Hispanic white in this age group.

Asian Americans/Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders:

  • This population is two times more likely to have diabetes than white residents of Hawaii within this age group.
  • Compared to non-hispanic white adults, the risk of diagnosed diabetes ws 18% higher amongst Asian Americans.

Incidence of Diabetes, 2010

New Cases Per:

1.9 million adult Americans (aged 20 years or older) are diagnosed with diabetes each year

About 215,000 people younger than 20 years old had diabetes (type 1 or type 2) in the US in 2010

Incidence of Death for People with Diabetes, 2007

  • Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death listed on US death certificates where diabetes is listed as an underlying cause.
  • Diabetes is likely to be under reported as a cause of death because many decedents with diabetes do not have the disease entered on their death certificate.

Costs of Diabetes, 2007

(direct & indirect):
$174 billion was the total cost of diagnosed diabetes in the US
Direct Medical Costs: $116 billion
Indirect Costs:

$58 billion (disability, work loss, premature mortality)



American Association of Diabetes Educators
American Diabetes Association 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Health Collaborative 
Texas Diabetes Council



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